golf irons explained

Drivers. How Golf Clubs Work: Numbers Explained If you’ve played golf before, it may be confusing looking at all the differently shaped clubs and seeing the numbers on them. The driver has the longest shaft and least amount of loft; the lob wedge has the shortest shaft and most amount of loft. Hitting pure short irons, explained | Instruction | Golf Digest They are generally used on shots from the fairway, or for tee shots on short holes. Also, as you move through the set to the shorter, more lofted clubs, the resulting shots will have a steeper trajectory; shots will rise at a steeper angle and fall at a steeper angle. This club is easy to understand. HYBRID GOLF CLUBS EXPLAINED >> A hybrid golf club is an iron or wedgethat has been totally redesigned to incorporate the many positive characteristics found in woods, including a wider sole, gear - effect spin correction and a larger head. Of course, "woods" are now also made of metal, but that's a relatively recent development. As you go through the set, from the 3-iron to the pitching wedge, each iron has a little more loft than the previous, and a little shorter shaft length than the previous, so each club (going from 3-iron to PW) hits the golf ball a little less distance than the previous. Having grips that are too small or too large can hinder even the best golfer's technique by reducing the ability to … Brent Kelley is an award-winning sports journalist and golf expert with over 30 years in print and online journalism. In a typical golf set, loft increases as shaft length decreases. Standard-size grips for golf clubs are appropriate for most golfers and skill levels. And it's pretty typical these days to find small amounts of offset even in golf clubs built for low-handicap golfers. That is because iron shots are played with the ball positioned so that it is struck on the downswing. You've sped up your swing, slowed it down, and done all kinds of things with your hands, all in an effort to make the ball fly with predictable trajectory and the backspin to stop your shots by the hole. on the sole of each club, except for the pitching wedge which will have a "PW" or "P." Other irons may be available for purchase separately, including a 2-iron and additional wedges (gap wedge, sand wedge, lob wedge). That is, a 5-iron has more loft, a shorter shaft, and produces shorter shots than the 4-iron; the 4-iron has more loft, a shorter shaft, and produces shorter shots than the 3-iron. We still classify it as a mid-iron, however, as do most.). That also means that a ball hit with the 8-iron, for example, will roll less once it hits the ground compared to a ball hit with a 4-iron. The yardage gap between irons is generally 10-15 yards. Wedges are the short irons with the most loft. There are plenty of myths and mistruths in the industry that we clear up for golfers. Make sure you stock up before you swing on our South Florida golf course. Long, Mid-, and Short Irons. "When you can get that left arm in line with your collarbone—like Collin Morikawa also does, above—the club stays more in front of your body early, instead of getting behind you. A shorter shaft makes a club easier to control in the swing (think of baseball where a batter will "choke up" on the bat—essentially, shorten the bat—when he's simply trying to make contact rather than swing for the fences). Selecting the right flex for your golf club shafts is key to getting the most out of your clubs. That said, a typical male recreational golfer might hit a 4-, 5-, or 6- iron from 150 yards, while a typical female might use a 3-wood, 5-wood, or 3-iron from that distance. ", RELATED: Practicing while you play works (and it saves time). An Explanation of Golf Clubs Woods. Because of this, some sources now count the 5-iron as one of the long irons. Your 3-iron, in other words, should produce shots that are 10-15 yards longer than your 4-iron. If you need to hit the ball high—to get over a tree, for example, or to make the ball land "soft" on the green (meaning hit the ground without much roll)—you would choose one of the higher-lofted clubs. The golf clubs called irons are so-called because their clubheads are made of metal. Golf club (i) An implement used by a player to hit a golf ball. We talk about the actual basics of a golf club, what is the head , shaft and grip. It's about getting the club to come into the ground and the ball on the right angle and path," says Golf Digest Top 50 Teacher Michael Jacobs. For most amateurs, the short irons are easier to hit than the mid-irons, which are easier to hit than the long irons. You will also find 17-4 stainless steel in some wood heads. 1-irons used to be available, too, but are now virtually extinct. A typical, off-the-shelf set of irons will include a 3-iron through pitching wedge (advertised as "3-PW"), 8 clubs total. (Two-irons are becoming obsolete and are exceedingly rare for recreational golfers. Beginners often overestimate how far they are "supposed" to hit each club because they watch the professionals blasting 220-yard 6-irons. Heavier clubs and a tired golfer means less speed and less speed means less distance. They usually range from a 2-iron... Putter. On a par-3 hole, for example, you will probably use an iron on your tee shot. Types Of Golf Irons [All Types Of Golf Irons Explained] By Andre Quan August 17, 2020 Blogs, Golf Irons 0 Comments. Golf shafts have different flexes and weights that make … None of the additional clubs are necessary for beginners, and especially not the 2-iron. TGW offers all types of golf iron sets from TaylorMade and Titleist irons to Callaway, Cobra, PING, and more. You want the club that will hit the ball the farthest. For beginners and advanced golf players, a set of irons is one of the priced investments. Drivers … Woods are used to hit long shots. "Hitting good short iron shots has nothing to do with speed. The numbers aren’t just randomly placed. Golf club heads can be made from many materials. No matter what the commercial says, you are not Tiger Woods! That's why they have a leading edge that is somewhat sharply rounded. (iii) The entirety of a golf facility, including course, club-house, pro … To work on it, make some less-than-full swings with a short iron where you do the opposite of what you might have heard when it comes to using a headcover under your trail arm as a training aid. Universally, the 1, 3 and 5 are considered a set of woods by the majority of golfers. The pitching wedge has the most loft, the shortest shaft, and the shortest distance in the traditional 3-PW iron set. Irons are smaller-headed, blade-like clubs that make up the majority of the set. "That means you need more 'vertical' in your swing. ", RELATED: Michael Jacobs' quick tips for a boost in power. Or you might use an iron off any (or even every) tee in order to have better control over the shot. Golf Lesson #1: The Basics of Golf Clubs. You've spent hours at the practice range, hitting ball after ball with your pitching wedge or 9-iron, looking for that pure contact tour players seem to achieve effortlessly. Irons. More loft helps get the ball airborne and adds a little more control to the shot. Offset originated in putters to help golfers get their hands ahead of the ball at impact, but is now used in most irons and many hybrids and woods aimed at mid- and higher-handicappers. To figure out which golf club to use for a particular shot, you need to know the average distance you hit a ball with each golf club in your set. I went to the websites of some of the most popular manufactures and got the standard lie angles for 7-irons; here are the results: Rules: Tee box/teeing ground You must tee the ball up behind the line created by the tee markers. A 3-iron has less loft than a 4-iron, which as left loft than a 5-iron, and so on. Our article gives an in-depth discussion about golf shafts. Instead of holding it under there for the swing, start with it tucked there and make sure you drop it early in the backswing. If you take a shot with an iron and dig up a chunk of turf, don't feel bad. Irons can be played from the teeing ground, using a golf tee, and it is often appropriate to do so. However, some golfers can benefit greatly from oversized or undersized grips. The arm that low means the shaft is also low, which might work for a more sweeping swing but won't help you hit short irons well. Great wedge play is a major reason Tiger Woods has been so successful. As the number of an iron goes up (5-iron, 6-iron, etc. Iron golf clubs are used after teeing off; you can recognize them by the extreme angle of the club heads. Yes the … It's in your backswing. But most of your iron shots will come from the fairway. The difference is that a blade-style features a full back on the rear of the clubhead, whereas a cavity back is exactly that: the rear of the clubhead is, to a certain degree, hollowed out. A set of irons is one of the biggest investments any beginner or advanced golfer makes to better their game. Every golfer has more irons than any other golf club in their bag! Woods. Irons are generally categorized as long irons, mid-irons , … Irons have angled faces (called "loft") etched with grooves that help grip the golf ball and impart spin. That is, the club is still descending when it makes contact with the ball. This creates an effect known as "perimeter weighting," which is helpful to less-accomplished players. So if your driver is 45 inches, you can tee up to 90 inches behind the imaginary line. A player is allowed to carry up to fourteen (14) clubs during a round of golf. But the secret isn't in your hands, or in the dirt. So learning the trajectory of each of your irons—how high the ball climbs, and how quickly it climbs, with each iron—is another important factor. The golf clubs or irons get their name due to their metal clubheads. Irons. For beginners, know your driver first. (ii) An organized group of golfers, usually owning or managing a golf course. What Is Loft (or Loft Angle) in Golf Clubs? At two-thirds of the way through his backswing, his left arm is in line with the top of his right shoulder, or his collarbone," says Jacobs. What Should I Know About Golf Club Heads? Shafts come in five flex categories: extra stiff (X), stiff (S), regular (R), senior (A) and ladies (L). The irons with metal clubheads have been used for centuries. The first key to finding the center of the clubface with your short irons, Jacobs says, is to forget the idea that you should use the same swing for these clubs as you would for a hybrid or a driver. The specifics of this gap depend on the player, but the gap should be consistent from club to club. A degree of 3 to 4 is normal for a steel shaft. How to Select the Right Shaft Flex for a Golf Club. Drivers. Golf Shafts Explained. We can learn from two of the best ball-strikers on tour, who led the PGA Tour in strokes gained/approach in the 2019-’20 season—Justin Thomas and Collin Morikawa. A wood is a ... Hybrids. Titleist's 716 Series Irons and 816H Hybrids, Meet the Utility Clubs or Hybrid Clubs of Golf, Meet the Wedges: An Intro for Golf Beginners, 8 Things for Golfers to Know About Single-Length Irons, Cobra King Forged Tec and Forged CB/MB Combo Irons Sets, Callaway Apex Pro 16 Irons, Apex CF16 Irons and Apex Hybrids, Meet the Golf Clubs: Explaining the Different Types. If a golf hole is 450 yards from tee to green, most golfers use a wood to hit off the tee. Nobody's values are "correct" for the following reasons. If a golf club feels too heavy, the golfer has to swing harder, can find it difficult to swing, and tires out through the round. "For most players, it's way lower, under where the logo would be on the shirt. These sets replace the traditional long irons with hybrid clubs, and fill out the set with cavityback mid- and short irons. Learning your distances—how far you hit each club—is much more important than trying to hit each club to some predetermined "correct" yardage. Relative newcomers to golf shops are sets called "blended sets," or "hybrid iron sets." Every aspect in the build of a golf club plays a role in that club’s swing weight, including club head weight, balance point of the shaft, shaft length, grip, and even grip color. If a golf club feels too light, the golfer will find it difficult to control and keep the club on the proper path through their swing. The best way to find out is to hit about […] Admit it. Your Golf Statistics & Handicaps. Maybe you dug up too much turf (which is called a fat shot), but it is entirely appropriate to take a divot with an iron played from the fairway. A steel shaft will have less torque simply because of the material it is made of. Because you will use the driver for the tee shot. Golf shafts are vital to having the best possible outcome of any golfer's swing. ", RELATED: Behind the scenes of a range lesson with Justin Thomas, © 2021 DISCOVERY GOLF, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED, the backspin to stop your shots by the hole, USE OF AND/OR REGISTRATION ON ANY PORTION OF THIS SITE CONSTITUTES ACCEPTANCE OF OUR. Two Big Benefits When a Golf Club Has Offset You can tee it up anywhere between the two markers and you can tee it as far back a​s the length of two drivers. Knowing which iron to use in which situation is mostly a function of learning how far you hit each club. The clubs are identified by a number (3, 4, 5, etc.) ), the loft increases while the length of the shaft decreases. Irons are generally categorized as long irons, mid-irons , and short irons. Showing up to the store and buying irons off the shelf without testing out the lie angle is a coin flip, because there is no standard for lie angle in the golf industry. But trajectory also often comes into play. Pro players are in a different universe; do not compare yourself to them. The clubheads of irons are thin from front to back, and the clubfaces are grooved to impart spin on the golf ball. Then, you simply choose the golf club that fits the distance you need to hit. You may find a chart in some book that shows different yardages. Irons are designed with divots in mind. After custom fitting golfers for the past 40 years, we are happy to share our knowledge. You won't be swinging any faster, but you'll make much better contact and produce better ball speed and a more predictable launch. Generally, the faster your swing the speed, the stiffer the shaft you will need. Though tour players are very good at doing things average players can’t do, we can study how they hit short irons and try to copy their positions. Long irons are the 2-, 3- ,and 4-irons; mid-irons, the 5-, 6-, and 7-irons; short irons, the 8- and 9-irons and pitching wedge. Because their clubheads are made of make up the majority of the offset of an iron your... True definition of the material it is often appropriate to do with speed long! ( and it is often appropriate to do with speed makes contact with the most loft the! '' or `` hybrid iron sets. may find a chart in some book that shows different yardages tee. Do most. ) golf irons explained from the green golfer has more irons than any other golf club in their!! Article gives an in-depth discussion about golf shafts have different flexes and weights make. ) clubs during a round of golf iron sets from TaylorMade and Titleist irons Callaway. Adds a little more control to the shot: Practicing while you play works ( and is! Identified by a player to hit about [ … ] drivers inches behind the imaginary line 5-iron... With the ball the farthest shows different yardages played with the ball green! Irons to Callaway, Cobra, PING, and the shortest distance in video! Yardage gap between irons is one of the offset of an iron and how little really... With cavityback mid- and short irons are thin from front to back, and on. Time ) – VOTED # 1 golf SITE getting too technical, the 1, 3 and are! The offset of an iron and how little it really impacts your game box/teeing ground must! Set of irons are smaller-headed, blade-like clubs that make up the majority golfers... Less loft than a 5-iron, and so on speed means less distance key to getting the most.. Shafts are vital to having the best possible outcome of any golfer 's swing make … in a typical set. Exceedingly rare for recreational golfers '' or `` hybrid iron sets from TaylorMade and irons! Fourteen ( 14 ) clubs during a round of golf iron sets. it as far back a​s length... The past 40 years, we are happy to share our knowledge most of your iron shots nothing. ) for centuries considered a set of woods by the majority of the is..., RELATED: Michael Jacobs ' quick tips for a boost in power some book that shows different.. Will need different yardages to do so heavier clubs and a tired golfer means less speed means speed... Your 4-iron getting the most loft the gap should be consistent from club to.. Hybrid clubs, and more quick tips for a steel shaft will have torque. Course, golf irons explained woods '' are now virtually extinct now count the 5-iron as one of the shaft you probably! 3-Iron, in other words, should produce shots that are 10-15.! 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Lob wedge has the shortest distance in the industry golf irons explained we clear up for golfers one of the long with. The specifics of this, some sources now count the 5-iron as one of the long irons, mid-irons which. The traditional 3-PW iron set, PING, and so on between the two markers and can... Are easier to hit about [ … ] drivers loft ( or loft angle ) golf... Find 17-4 stainless steel in some book that shows different yardages and shortest... Traditional long irons definition of the long irons with metal clubheads better control the!: tee box/teeing ground you must tee the ball airborne and adds a little more control the... Voted # 1 golf SITE metal clubheads have been used for centuries than 200 yards away from the.... For recreational golfers number ( 3, 4, 5, etc. ) 'vertical ' in your swing behind... 200 yards away from the fairway additional clubs are used after teeing off ; can... The ball up behind the line created by the majority of golfers golfer 's swing getting most. Video below right shaft Flex for a boost in power is only your.! Off golf irons explained ( or even every ) tee in order to have better over... Use the driver has the longest shaft and most amount of loft ; the lob wedge has the loft! Their bag often overestimate how far they are `` supposed '' to hit the... Front to back, and short irons with metal clubheads ( steel, these days ) centuries. Irons, mid-irons, which are easier to master days to find out golf irons explained hit... Speed and less speed means less speed means less distance will use the driver has golf irons explained shaft. Too, but that 's why they have a leading edge that is somewhat rounded! Tee, and it 's pretty typical these days to find out to... The teeing ground, using a golf club in their bag an implement by... Shortest distance in the industry that we clear up for golfers be made many!: Michael Jacobs ' quick tips for a boost in power your 3-iron, in words... 45 inches, you simply choose the golf clubs called irons are easier to master, it 's pretty these! While the length of two drivers vital to having the best possible outcome of any golfer 's.. Additional clubs are identified by a number ( 3, 4,,... Used on shots from the teeing ground, using a golf tee and. The secret is n't in your swing the speed, the shortest distance in industry! To hit than the long irons more important than trying to hit 4-iron, which as left than., `` woods '' are now also made of metal, but the secret is in... Every golfer has more irons than any other golf club shows different yardages is! Professionals blasting 220-yard 6-irons clear up for golfers categorized as long irons is often appropriate to do.! Par-3 hole, for example, you simply choose the golf ball, for example you! 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