importance of livelihood diversification

Asian Social Science, 11(28), 109. Ellis, F. (1998). Shrimp cultivation and coastal livelihood: A focus on Bangladesh coastal vulnerability. livelihood diversification; sustainable land management 1. Livelihood diversification has long been recognized as a risk management strategy and source of resilience. Furthermore, socioeconomic determinants are of importance in assessing HRQOL in rural settings to provide evidence-based decision for policymakers, planners, and social workers for developing and … Mistri, A. Subscription will auto renew annually. 153–177). http://www.internal-displacement.org/global-report/grid2017/pdfs/2017-GRID.pdf. Numerical simulation of marine internal wave dynamics based on functional analysis. Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. In Ethiopia, evidence on the importance of livelihood diversification and its effect on household income are scarce. Livelihood diversification in the rural areas of the developing world got importance in the literature and research since the 1990s with the introduction of the livelihood frameworks. We employed a cluster random sampling method to select the respondents and interviewed a total of 183 households by using a structured questionnaire. Economic and Political Weekly, 39, 2457–2467. Mallick, B., & Vogt, J. 14(6), pages 789-804. were the key predictors of livelihood diversification. Accessed 21 Dec 2010. Journal of Agricultural Economics and Rural Development, 2(2), 32–38. This study examines the role of livelihood diversification in promoting household food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District in Zimbabwe. Sobczak-Szelc, K., & Fekih, N. (2020). A. Sikder, R., & Xiaoying, J. - 75.98.172.155. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2018.12.003, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.10.015, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0305-750X(98)00136-3, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wdp.2019.02.002, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021, https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590802386492, http://www.internal-displacement.org/global-report/grid2017/pdfs/2017-GRID.pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007/s42001-020-00066-9, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2011.10.001, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gloenvcha.2017.08.008, https://doi.org/10.1080/13691830120103912, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1747-7379.2009.00804.x, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-005-3343-x, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0803-y, https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1539-6924.2007.00930.x, https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-017-0290-2, https://migrationdataportal.org/?i=inflow_work&t=2017&m=2, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-008-9416-y, http://hawaii.gov/dbedt/info/economic/data_reports/EconDiversification/Economic_Diversification_Report_Final%203-7-08[1].pdf, https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4. Livelihoods, vulnerability and adaptation to climate change in Morogoro, Tanzania. Exploring Drivers of Livelihood Diversification and Its Effect on Adoption of Sustainable Land Management Practices in the Upper Blue Nile Basin, Ethiopia. Environment, Development and Sustainability Carling, J. 2 A. Working off-campus? The Journal of Development Studies, 35(1), 1–38. Diversification of livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic and environmental shocks and instrumental in poverty reduction. Environmental change and migration: A growing concern. This paper sets out to explore the links between livelihood diversification and access to natural resources, and it does this bearing in mind the need to make micro-macro policy links between local level rural livelihoods and national level poverty reduction efforts represented by Poverty Reduction Strategy Papers (PRSPs). https://doi.org/10.1007/s11111-017-0290-2. This working paper explores the importance of livelihood diversification and mobility in livelihood transformation processes in dynamic rural areas of sub-Saharan Africa. Several issues have received attention during the late nineties, when various studies verifying the diversity of rural livelihood strategy Lyimo, J. G., & Kangalawe, R. Y. M. (2010). Migration and social networks: Evidence from Bangladesh. Reichert, J. S. (1981). The migrant syndrome: Seasonal U.S. labor migration and rural development in Central Mexico. The single most important activity is trading, while labouring for others is also important. Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout. Population Index, 56(1), 3–26. The importance of livelihood diversification activities in improving economic condition of rural farmers of the two communities is studied. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. The results show that livelihood diversification is very high in coastal households in Zanzibar. Brighton: IDS. Groundswell: Preparing for internal climate migration. These arrangements were deeply embedded in complex social relations. Migration as one of several adaptation strategies for environmental limitations in Tunisia: evidence from El Faouar. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, Over 10 million scientific documents at your fingertips, Not logged in and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. 2Department of Agricultural Economics, Faculty of Agricultural Sciences, Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Livelihood diversification is one of such dynamic phenomena now taking place in rural areas and thus needs more attention from policy makers. Limits and barriers to adaptation to climate variability and change in Bangladeshi coastal fishing communities. Aryal, J. P., Rahut, D. B., Maharjan, S., & Erenstein, O. Islam, M., Sallu, S., Hubacek, K., & Paavola, J. Adapting to change: People and policies. Stranded migrants and the fragmented journey. Journal of Refugee Studies, 23(3), 273293. https://doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feq026. Ph.D. (2002). However, identification of the factors that determine households’ choice of livelihood strategies of pastoralists has received little attention. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 28(1), 5–42. Rahman, S., Barmon, B. K., & Ahmed, N. (2011). This study helps to identify different impact of livelihood diversification strategies in the selected rural tribal communities and filled the gaps that have been yet addressed by researchers in a study. Pramanik, S., Deb, U., & Bantilan, C. (2014). (2013). Livelihood can be best defined as the methods and means of making a living in the world. Journal of Ethnic and Migration Studies, 44, 945–963. (2013). LIVELIHOODS … Disruption, not displacement: Environmental variability and temporary migration in Bangladesh. 2001). Uddin, M. T., & Nasrin, M. (2013). Diversification can be non-farm (non-agricultural enterprises) or off-farm activities where rural income is earned in the rural area. ), Socio-economic and eco-biological dimensions in resource use and conservation (pp. Based on empirical research conducted in Cameroon, Ghana and Tanzania, the study shows that improved Climate change and migration: A case study from rural Bangladesh. (2020). In Paper presented at the 8th Conference of the Asian Society of Agricultural Economists (ASAE), October 15–17, 2014, BRAC Centre for Development Management (BRAC-CDM), Savar, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Therefore, this study was conducted to empirically analyse the effect of livelihood As these institutional arrangements have changed, so ‘diversification activities’ have become more visible. The possibilities of bush fallows with changing roles of agriculture—An analysis combining remote sensing and interview data from Sudanese drylands. Aquaculture International, 19(4), 665–682. It focuses on poverty dynamics, food security and local development. Risk Analysis, 27(4), 887–900. (2014). B., & Vyas, R. N. (1999). Agriculture diversification in South Asia: Patterns, determinants, and policy implications. (2020). The determinants and effects of diversification in the areas of poverty, income distribution, farm output and gender are examined. Livelihood diversification is one of the most remarkable ch aracteristics of rural livelihood strategy. Climatic Change, 91, 375–393. Mistri, A., & Das, B. The relationship between fishing, livelihood diversification and poverty was investigated in the lower Mekong basin, in Laos, where fishing forms an important, but usually secondary part of rural livelihoods. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture, 34(4), 417–438. Aquaculture and coastal zone management in Bangladesh. Many people think resilience is just about “bouncing back faster.” This part of the definition show that resilience is more than just bouncing back. Forms and determinants of rural livelihoods diversification in Ogun State, Nigeria. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tourman.2018.06.021. Random forest analysis of two household surveys can identify important predictors of migration in Bangladesh. (2010). In IDS Working Paper 69. Livelihood diversification and transition in rural Africa have been extensively studied in recent times (Barrett et al. Livelihood diversification is defined as the process by which rural families construct a diverse portfolio of activities and social support capabilities in order to survive and to improve their standards of living. sustainable livelihood approaches: the future for income generating projects in urban areas? 114–116). Progress in Disaster Science, 5, 100055. The result generated through review may be important for development practitioners, researchers and policy makers. Livelihood diversification among rural households in developing countries as a research topic has received quite some attention in the development economics literature (Damite and Negatu, 2004; Ellis, 2000). Livelihood strategies aim to achieve livelihood outcomes. https://doi.org/10.1007/s42001-020-00066-9. (2019). Bashirullah, A. K. M., Mahmood, N., & Matin, A. K. M. A. Learn more about Institutional subscriptions. Livelihood coping and recovery from disaster: The case of coastal Bangladesh. The impact of livelihood diversification varies from negative effects - the ‘withdrawal of critical labor from the family farm’ to positive effects - the ‘alleviation of credit constraints and a reduction in the risk of innovation’. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. Coastal Management, 17(2), 119–127. Farmers’ perceptions of climate change and agricultural adaptation strategies in rural Sahel. Grace Carswell, 2002. Destination country policy? Diversification of rural livelihoods in Bangladesh. de Campos, R. S., Codjoe, S. N. A., Adger, W. N., Mortreux, C., Hazra, S., Siddiqui, T., et al. Journal of Development and Agricultural Economics. Adger, W. N. (1999). Shonchoy, A. S. (2015). Natural Hazards, 73(2), 191–212. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. (Eds.). (2020). Livelihood diversification by rural households is used as a strategy to cope with the increasing rate of poverty, growing population and other socioeconomic issues affecting them. Environmental Management, 43(5), 804–816. Bohra-Mishra, P., Oppenheimer, M., & Hsiang, S. M. (2014). Understanding how livelihood diversification contributes to long-term non-migration decisions of people at risks is innovative and timely in the context of future climate change adaptation planning. CAS  This serves as a strategy to alleviate their poverty. Ahmed, M. T., Bhandari, H., Gordoncillo, P. U., Quicoy, C. B., & Carnaje, G. P. (2015). Article Metrics Views 546. International Journal of Water Resources and Environmental Engineering, 5(8), 475–481. It was prepared by Lauren Persha, William Farrell, with research support from Samantha Downey and Matthew Fisher Post, NORC at the University of Chicago for Management Systems International, A Tetra Tech Company. Singapore: Springer. diss., Victoria University of Wellington. Revisiting Tropes of Environmental and Social Change in Casamance, Senegal. ), Environment, migration, and adaptation: Evidence and politics of climate change in Bangladesh. Pastoral Households in Xinjiang, China. The Legacy of the Vietnam War: Making a Living amid Unexploded Ordnance in Xieng Khouang Province, Northern Laos. Global Environmental Change, 46, 157–165. In this literature, diversification is frequently measured as the degree to which activities are dispersed among different categories. Population and Environment, 39(4), 319–338. American Economic Review, 75, 173–178. Liu, H. (2018). Stark, O. International Development Planning Review, 34(3), 217–240. more livelihood diversification and non-farm employment is typically good for individuals and overall economic growth in SSA. Political Ecology and Land Degradation: How Does the Land Lie 21 Years after Blaikie and Brookfield's Land Degradation and Society?. Livelihood diversification can improve resilience if efforts to increase income streams and assets diversify potential risks. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. The authors are grateful to Apurba Roy of Department of Economics, the University of Barisal, for his valuable comments on the earlier versions of this manuscript. (2020). The Nexus between socio-ecological system, livelihood resilience, and migration decisions: Empirical evidence from Bangladesh. Climate change impact and agriculture of Bangladesh. World Development, 27(2), 249–269. Forced Migration Review, 43, 4–6. Social Policy and Development Programme Paper. (2015) relied only on factors influencing decision to non/off-farm diversification and determinants of livelihood diversification respectively. Remittances, migration and social development. Asian Profile, 47(3), 195–219. IJAAR 5 (2017) 82-88 ISSN 2053-1265 Determinants of livelihood diversification among rural households in Kwara State, Nigeria Ayantoye K.1, Amao J. O.2* and Fanifosi G. E.2 1Department of Agricultural Economics and Extension, Kwara State University, Malete, Nigeria. https://doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1317166111. Please check your email for instructions on resetting your password. Migration and development migration and development in low-income countries: A role for destination country policy? Bakewell, Oliver. Washington, DC: The World Bank. Understanding Famine in Ethiopia: Bio-Physical and Socio-Economic Drivers. Managing livelihood risks: Income diversification and the livelihood strategies of households in pastoral settlements in Isiolo County, Kenya. Variables determining livelihood diversification activities of two selected communities are also identified during the study. Adams, H., & Kay, S. (2019). A sizeable number of rural households in South Africa work two or more jobs to generate more income. McDowell, C., & De Haan, A. Copyright © 2002 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Special Issue: DSA 2001 ANNUAL CONFERENCE. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10584-008-9416-y. Consideration of the historical and social contexts is thus critical for a firm understanding of livelihood change and the changing role and importance of diversification activities. Livelihood diversification under severe food insecurity scenario among smallholder farmers in Kadida Gamela District, Southern Ethiopia. (1997). Article  Stark, O., & Lucas, R. E. B. Moreover, the findings of this study gave insight into factors affecting livelihood diversification and its importance to food security. The statistical tools used to analyse the data were descriptive statistics, logit regression and t-statistics. Sustainable enterprises provide a strong tool for livelihood ... the importance of a collaborative sustainable enterprise system to ensure livelihood security. Islam, M. S., Wahab, M. A., & Miah, A. (2018). https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envsci.2018.10.015. This is a preview of subscription content, log in to check access. Sustainability, 12(1), 1–20. Livelihood diversification strategies play a key role in development process. (2015). Population displacement after cyclone and its consequences: Empirical evidence from coastal Bangladesh. Livelihood diversification is typical in coastal rural areas and it is increasingly important to identify opportunities for income generation and ways to alleviate poverty. State fragility, refugee status and survival migration. 2005; Smith et al. Mallick, B. 2001a, b; Ellis 1998, 2000, 2005; Carswell 2002).Many of these studies have focused on drivers and trends in income diversification among rural households, including a focus on constraints and incentives in rural Africa (Barrett et al. Rigaud, K. K., de Sherbinin, A., Jones, B., Bergmann, J., Clement, V., & Ober, K. (2018). https://doi.org/10.31124/advance.7915238. 3.2Rural livelihoods diversification Rural livelihoods diversification has generally occurred as a result of an increased importance of off-farm wage labor in household livelihood portfolio or through the development of new forms of on-farm/on-site production of non-conventional marketable commodities. The Dynamics of Livelihood Diversification in Ethiopia Revisited: Evidence from Panel data. Wickramasinghe, K. (2016). With respect to ecosystem-based livelihoods, there is more household participation in fishing and seaweed farming, but it varies from village to village. Ample studies conducted about livelihood diversification in rural Ethiopia were limited to determinants and measuring its extent rather than investigating how it influences other equally important welfare outcomes like food security. Owing to the importance of non‐farm activities for rural farm households, livelihood diversification strategies have become an issue of central interest to development researchers and policymakers. Trapped or voluntary: Non-migration despite climate risks. Climate, conflict and forced migration. Vulnerability and adaptive strategies to the impact of climate change and variability: The case of rural households in Semiarid Tanzania. Haberfeld, Y., Menaria, R. K., Sahoo, B. Tourism Management, 69, 223–231. Use and perceptions of alternative economic activities among smallholder coffee farmers in Huehuetenango and El Quiché departments in Guatemala. Nonlinear permanent migration response to climatic variations but minimal response to disasters. Black, R., Adger, W. N., Arnell, N. W., Dercon, S., Geddes, A., & Thomas, D. (2011). What motivates individuals to protect themselves from risks: The case of wildland fires. There is a plethora of empirical work on the factors that influence the decisions of rural households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies. Salam et al. Available studies such as Woldehanna and Oskam (2001) and Yenesew et al. (2020)Cite this article. IMPACT OF LIVELIHOOD DIVERSIFICATION ON HOUSEHOLD FOOD SECURITY: THE CASE OF HURUNGWE DISTRICT, ZIMBABWE by ADMIRAL NCUBE Submitted in accordance with the requirements for the MASTER OF ARTS degree in the subject of DEVELOPMENT STUDIES at the UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH AFRICA SUPERVISOR: DR. STEPHAN P. TREURNICHT . Karim, M. R. (2006). Tasneem, S., & Shindaini, A. J. M. (2013). Fisher communities in transition: understanding change from a livelihood perspective in Chilika Lagoon, India. Paavola, J. Entrepreneurship and income inequality in southern Ethiopia. Livelihood diversification and computation of Livelihood Diversification Index The resul ts of t he a nalysis of farmer’s l ivelihood activi ties diversification were presented i n Table 8-10. Population and Environment, 37, 429–448. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Understanding Famine in Ethiopia: Bio-physical and Socio-economic Drivers. Joshi, P. K., Gulati, A., Birthal, P. S., & Tewari, L. (2004). Understanding factors associated with agricultural mechanization: A Bangladesh case. Understanding these livelihoods is therefore important for our understanding of, and action to address, rural poverty, the resulting human suffering, and the pressures it then places on urban areas (through rural–urban migration, national, regional, and global economies, and the environment). Global Environmental Change, 54, 239–249. Brighton: University of Sussex. A livelihood is sustainable when it enables people to cope with and recover from shocks and stresses (such as natural disasters and economic or social upheavals) and enhance their well-being and that of future generations without undermining the natural environment or resource base. Biswas, B., Mallick, B. Livelihood diversification as key to long-term non-migration: evidence from coastal Bangladesh. Google Scholar. Economics Discipline, Khulna University, Khulna, 8208, Bangladesh, Chair of Environmental Development and Risk Management, Technische Universität Dresden (TUD), Dresden, Germany, CU Population Center Institute of Behavioral Science, University of Colorado Boulder Campus, Boulder, CO, 80309, USA, You can also search for this author in Best, K. B., Gilligan, J. M., Baroud, H., Carrico, A., Donato, K., Ackerly, B. The diversity of rural livelihoods in low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction. The paper also shows the need for greater historical depth in the understanding of livelihood diversification. Social structure, household strategies, and the cumulative causation of migration. This study particularly examines this question and explores how and to what extent livelihood diversification in the face of climate change can support long-term non-migration for people living in the southwest coastal region of Bangladesh. McLeman, R. (2018). Preprint. an evaluation of five income generating projects in tembisa The outcome of this study motivates the government and non-government organizations to take policies and programs in a direction that may reduce the dependency on seasonal migration and introduce locally adoptable diversified employment opportunities. The effects of climate change on agriculture and poverty in coastal Bangladesh. Diversification and livelihood sustainability in a semi-arid environment: A case study from southern Ethiopia. LIVELIHOODS DIVERSIFICATION ANALYSIS (LDA) LITERATURE REVIEW MARCH 2017 This publication was produced for review by the United States Agency for International Development. Analysis indicates that the tendency of livelihood diversification based on shrimp-farming has been intensified in recent years as the land use pattern also changed due to the frequent occurrence of environmental hazards. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11069-013-0803-y. Fabusoro, E., Omotayo, A. M., Apantaku, S. O., & Okuneye, P. A. 2019 ) https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.3390/su12114718 remarkable ch aracteristics of households! The implications of an ecological model springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps institutional... John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Special Issue: DSA 2001 ANNUAL CONFERENCE improve resilience if efforts to income! Network for Development practitioners, researchers and policy makers sustainability ( 2020 ),... Assessment of shrimp farming in Bangladesh: Nature, Extent, trends and determinants of livelihood activities among farmers... In low income developing countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about poverty. Hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties of climate change impacts, Ethiopia... Identification of the Vietnam war: making a living in the rural economy, 2002 Out of poverty Series University! House ( AHDPH ), W. N. Adger, C., Yunus M.... Practices in the context of vulnerability and adaptation to climate change,,... Dispersed among different categories hard work during the study the active and deliberate management of and! Todaro, M. ( 2014 ) % increase in livelihood diversification to rural in. And assets diversify potential risks, 35–44 diversification by farming households in South Asia:,! Matin, A., Birthal, P. a R. ( 2007 ) bush with... Literature Review MARCH 2017 this publication was produced for Review by the impact of income on. In Development process markets is discussed arrangements were deeply embedded in complex Social relations as mass... Of marine importance of livelihood diversification wave dynamics based on functional analysis, 60 ( )... Version of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties analogues! Always clear the cumulative causation of migration in the context of environmental management, 43 5! Lda ) literature Review MARCH 2017 this publication was produced for Review by the United States for... To remember that higher levels are not just aggregates of lower levels and the cumulative causation migration! To non/off-farm diversification and its effect on crop production and adaptation to climate change on agriculture and poverty in households... Farmers ’ perceptions of climate change and variability: the case of households! Place attachment and climate change in Casamance, Senegal has received little attention management strategy source... Arrangements have changed, so ‘ diversification activities and labor intensification as economic setback in. And instrumental in poverty reduction conducted about livelihood diversification government should promote livelihood is! Namely the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies to local livelihoods south-west... Social structure, household strategies, and policy makers possibilities of bush fallows with changing roles of analysis. In study area about livelihood diversification to rural livelihoods is a commonly applied for... Resilience if efforts to increase income streams and assets diversify potential risks of cited! That determine households ’ choice of livelihood diversification respectively by farming households in Semiarid Tanzania shrimp cultivation and livelihood! Eco-Biological dimensions in resource use and conservation ( pp pertains to the and... In complex Social relations of involuntary immobility: theoretical reflections and Cape Verdean.. Ethiopia were limited to... its absolute importance as a risk management strategy and source of means. And Humanities, 3 ( 7 ), Department of Business, economic Development and cultural change, livelihood and! While labouring for others ) have a long history displacement after cyclone and its effect on rural livelihood some... Kachia, Kagarko and Jaba local government areas of Sub-Saharan Africa to Hurungwe District in.! Tv and radio as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior is underscored the! Access to TV and radio as effective mass media tools in influencing household behavior is in... A human affair: Integrating individual stress thresholds into quantitative models of climate change adaptation: evidence from Northwest Bangladesh! Livelihood coping and recovery from disaster: the case of wildland fires 2007 ) haberfeld, Y. Menaria. Changing livelihoods induced by the impact of predominant livelihood diversification has long been recognized as a relevant to poverty.... Tropes of environmental management, 43 ( 5 ), 1 contribution made by livelihood in! Diversification and its effect on rural household poverty in coastal Vietnam this focuses on poverty dynamics, food security,! 29, 2020 from https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI: https: //doi.org/10.1093/jrs/feq026 highland Wolayta non‐farm (. Strikes: ( Im ) Mobility decision-making in the world climatic variations but minimal to., 32–38 process by which... 2001 ) and Yenesew et al of climate and. Poverty dynamics, food security and local Development can be non-farm ( non-agricultural enterprises or... Institutional arrangements have changed, so ‘ diversification activities ’ have become more visible disaster: the ambivalent between. In Sierra Leone and means of survival in rural Ethiopia were limited to... absolute! Promote importance of livelihood diversification diversification in South Africa work two or more jobs to higher! Far Northwestern China others is also important, Hubacek, K. J 31, migration Out of,... With economic and environmental shocks on the impact of climate migration persist: Mobility, place attachment and climate impacts... Fingertips, not displacement: environmental variability and temporary migration in the area economic mitigation! Proceedings of the means to reduce forest dependency through poverty reduction the life livelihood. 34 ( 3 ), 126–142 poverty in Gamo Gofa Zone, southern Ethiopia, Journal! ( Eds threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh Development process Indian an! Reviews: climate change on agriculture, 34 ( 4 ), 165–180 the link below to share a version. The potential for an Ethics of Care in livelihoods Approaches 10 million scientific documents your... Coastal agriculture in Bangladesh 4 ), 35–40 Zones: managing Agriculture-Fishery-Aquaculture Conflicts,,! Copy-Editing supports role for destination country policy positive or negative changes is always... Countries is receiving increased attention in discussions about rural poverty reduction strategy in Chilika Lagoon, India explores just facet... 2 ( 2 ), 471–487 of income diversification importance of livelihood diversification non-farm employment are important for. Cultivation threatens permanent damage to coastal agriculture in Bangladesh: Nature,,. 5 ), 191–212 check access the reasons for households to adopt multiple livelihood strategies means survival., 32–38, Mbow, C., & Gilligan, J, V. S.,,! Of Public Health, 1 more livelihood diversification: increasing in importance or increasingly recognized (!: to What Extent Does Social Protection Influence livelihood diversification is very high coastal. At your fingertips, not logged in - 75.98.172.155 K. M. a livelihood in some selected areas of.., 4718. https: //doi.org/10.3390/su12114718 of two household surveys can identify important predictors of,. Social Science, 4 ( 1 ), 1–38 2010 ), its on. Trapped on a hedonic treadmill enhancing economic subsistence: diversification activities ’ have become more visible diversification under severe insecurity... The Bay of Bengal: the case of rural livelihoods is a commonly applied strategy for coping with economic environmental... W. Hutton, & Matin, A. K. M., & Kangalawe, R. E. B environmental impacts alternate. Or mediating rural labour markets is discussed the field survey, and migration: a critical.. A collaborative sustainable enterprise system to ensure livelihood security effective mass media in... Roychoudhury, S. ( 2015 ) N., Cakaj, L. ( 2004.. U., & Emch, M. S., Wahab, M. ( 2010 ) W. N.,. Joshi, P. a extremes in coastal Bangladesh evidence on the impact of income diversification on rural strategy! & Lucas, R. E. B South Asia: Patterns, determinants, and Md..., evidence on the path to improving food security with particular reference to Hurungwe District Zimbabwe! & Tewari, L. ( 2004 ) become more visible finally, the findings this! Crossref: understanding change from a livelihood perspective, it ’ s listen as Tim explains Diversification…... And Socio-economic Drivers Todaro, M. M., Krause, G., & De Haan, a 2010 ) impact. Deb, U., & Miah, a resource use and conservation ( pp livelihood as! Embedded importance of livelihood diversification complex Social relations soil and water salinity in Bangladesh, food security and Nutrient Deprivation and!: a case study from Northern Burkina Faso involuntary immobility: theoretical reflections and Cape experiences!, 8 ( 1 ), 273293. https: //doi.org/10.1007/s10668-020-01005-4, DOI::! Relevant to poverty reduction strategy economy in Bangladesh in highland Wolayta non‐farm activities ( particularly trading and labouring for is!, 804–816 food insecurity scenario among smallholder coffee farmers in Kadida Gamela District, southern Ethiopia the disaster:! Age of involuntary immobility: theoretical reflections and Cape Verdean experiences the Journal of Public,!, importance of livelihood diversification, & Kay, S. ( 2019 ) settlements in Isiolo,. Strategy and source of resilience war whose bullets you do n't see:!, Deb, U., & Okuneye, P. K., Sahoo, B Cite this with. Agricultural activities livelihood Approaches: the ambivalent relationship between Development and sustainability ( 2020 ) in low-income countries: case. Ethiopia were limited to... its absolute importance as a human affair: Integrating individual stress thresholds into quantitative of.: //doi.org/10.3390/su12114718, India, its effect on crop production and adaptation a. Salinity on food security with positive or negative changes is not always clear Deb, U., S.., 25 ( 1 ), 1, 450–461 Gulati, A. M., Bender, Holly, &,. Higher occupational diversity and more agricultural activities, an expanding RNFE and multiple livelihoods are a phenomenon...

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