leading cause of death in ethiopia

Google Scholar. CAS  PLoS One. Most of the previous studies in Ethiopia were based on a single data sources, or sub-national study, or without identifying the causes of maternal mortality [6,7,8, 10, 38]. Int J Gynaecol Obstet. Secondly, there was a difference in assumptions while addressing stochastic fluctuation and small numbers. Lower respiratory infections remained … [www.afro.who.int/en/ethiopia/country-programmes/topics/4479-maternal-death-surveillance-andresponse.html] In: WHO Regional Office for Africa. Addis Ababa; CSA [Ethiopia]; 2014. Ethiopia: Democide, the leading cause of death by the Totalitarian government in Ethiopia continues HRLHA Urgent Action February 13, 2018 The Human Rights League of the Horn of Africa (HRLHA) condemns… Federal HIV/AIDS Prevention and Control Office. Diarrhoea is a leading killer of children, accounting for approximately 8 per cent of all deaths among children under age 5 worldwide in 2017. Addis Ababa; 2015. LRI, diarrheal diseases, and neonatal syndromes remain the major causes of under-5 deaths in Ethiopia. Ethiopia: Democide, the leading cause of death by the Totalitarian government in Ethiopia continues . Reprod Health. While some progress has been made, according to WHO estimate in 2015, the Maternal Mortality Ratio (MMR) dropping by 44% worldwide between 1990 and 2015 [3], it remains unacceptably high in developing countries particularly in sub-Sahara African countries [4, 5]. Katz J, West Jr KP, Khatry SK, Christian P, LeClerq SC, Pradhan EK, Shrestha SR. Risk factors for early infant mortality in Sarlahi district, Nepal. http://www.un.org/ga/search/view_doc.asp?symbol=A/RES/70/1&Lang=E. CDC provides technical expertise to meet national immunization goals and international resolutions to eradicate polio, eliminate measles, and strengthen the national immunization program in Ethiopia. A total of 939,520 people died in Germany in 2019, of whom 465,885 were men and 473,635 women. The findings of the study highlights the need for comprehensive efforts using multisectoral collaborations from stakeholders in reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia. Leading causes of death in Singapore 2019 by category Deaths caused by malignant stomach tumor in Spain by gender 2005-2017 Brazil: number of violent deaths of LGBT+ people 2019, by weapon used Bedford J, Gandhi M, Admassu M, Girma A. The MMR trends observed in 2013 showed that Ethiopia did not achieve the MDG target of reducing MMR to 267 per 100,000LB. Firstly, as there was no vital registration system in Ethiopia, the modelling was based on limited sources of data, which may influence the results. CDC partners with Ethiopia on comprehensive HIV treatment and prevention, TB/HIV co-infection, and laboratory systems. The differences in the present finding and the previous reviews is likely to be due to the inclusion of hospital-based studies. Gaym A. Maternal mortality studies in Ethiopia--magnitude, causes and trends. Malaria is a leading cause of death and disease in many countries, instead young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected. In today’s globally connected world, disease threats can spread faster and more unpredictably than ever before. Accessed 1 Apr 2016. Prevalence and causes of vision loss in China from 1990 to 2019: findings from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019. The differences with the present findings and studies in northern and southwest Ethiopia might be due to the differences in the sample size of study population and the sources of data, and maternal mortality estimation methodology. Overall trend showed that there was a decline from 708 per 100,000 LB in 1990 to 497 per 100,000 LB in 2013, with a small increase in 2005. Causes of Death by Major Ethnic Group Ischaemic heart diseases is the principal causes of death for all major ethnic€ groups Bumiputera recorded the highest increase of 1.0 percentage point from 12.3 per cent (2016) to 13.3 per cent (2017). Understanding the causes and factors contributing to neonatal deaths is needed to identify interventions that will reduce mortality. Measuring maternal mortality: an overview of opportunities and options for developing countries. High maternal mortality in rural south-west Ethiopia: estimate by using the sisterhood method. NCDs are the leading cause of premature death and disability in Ethiopia accounts for about 42% of deaths, of which 27% are premature deaths before 70 years of age. Under the U.S. President’s Malaria Initiative, a CDC resident advisor has been assigned to Ethiopia to support the implementation of malaria … As a key implementing agency of the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR), CDC works with Ethiopia to deliver quality and high-impact HIV interventions to accelerate progress towards the UNAIDS global targets to control the HIV epidemic. 2015 World Population Data Sheet with a special focus on women’s empowerment http://www.prb.org/pdf15/2015-world-population-data-sheet_eng.pdf. Addis Ababa and Calverton; CSA [Ethiopia] and ICF International; 2012. In Ethiopia diarrhoea kills half million under-five children every year second to pneumonia. PubMed Central  Hence, in order to track future targets and assess the impact of government initiatives, understanding the past and present trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia is vital. Mixed effects linear regression and Spatio-temporal Gaussian Process Regression (ST-GPR) were applied while predicting the mortality rate and mortality fractions [45]. ... ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996. Lancet. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death for people living with HIV. Furthermore, the national HIV prevalence has shown a decline in the general population including pregnant women [53]. PubMed  PubMed Central  © 2021 BioMed Central Ltd unless otherwise stated. The greatest reductions in all-cause mortality rate were UNFPA. Matern Child Health J. Transforming our world: the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development: Sustainable Development Knowledge Platform. In 2016, the WHO recorded 56.7 million deaths with the leading cause of death as cardiovascular disease causing more than 17 million deaths (about 31% of the total) as shown in the chart to the side. For instance, the infant and under-five survival is highly correlated with child nutrition and other important child health care practices demanding maternal involvement [12]. International statistical classifi cation of diseases and relatedhealth problems: tenth revision, volume 2. http://www.who.int/classifications/icd/ICD-10_2nd_ed_volume2.pdf In. 2013;10:43. Leading causes of death in Singapore 2019 by category Deaths caused by malignant stomach tumor in Spain by gender 2005-2017 Brazil: number of … Cancer is the leading cause of death in France, accounting for 28.5% of all deaths in 2014, followed by cardiovascular diseases, which accounted for 25%. Trend of HIV prevalence among pregnant women attending Antenatal Care Unit of Bishoftu Hospital, Ethiopia. Fig. An in-depth analysis on the trends of maternal health in Ethiopia pointed to demographic, behavioural, nutritional, and health services related factors are associated with poor maternal health outcomes [16]. CDC also supports the Ethiopia Public Health Institute to strengthen disease detection and response functions and to implement an integrated strategic plan for the nation’s laboratories. Addis Ababa and Calverton: Central Statistical Authority [CSA] and ORC Macro; 2001. The annual rate of decline by -1.6% (95% UI: -2.8 to -0.3) was far lower than the targeted annual decline (5.5%) to achieve the MDG five goal. Recently, the burden of these diseases is rising rapidly among populations in the low-income countries. ; 2014. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) cannot attest to the accuracy of a non-federal website. While it remains the fourth leading cause of death in Africa, the number of deaths has dropped by more than half, falling from over 1 million in 2000 to 435 000 in 2019 in Africa. In this respect, the roles of Health Extension Workers (HEW) and Women’s Developmental Army (WDA) were vital in terms of organising women’s use of skilled birth attendance by arranging ambulance services and timely referral of labouring mothers to health facilities [59]. Matern Child Health J. Molla M, Mitiku I, Worku A, Yamin A. Impacts of maternal mortality on living children and families: A qualitative study from Butajira, Ethiopia. Principal Causes of Death Ischaemic heart diseases remains as the principal causes of death In 2017, the per cent of deaths caused by €Ischaemic heart diseases was 13.9 per cent, followed by Pneumonia (12.7%), Cerebrovascular diseases (7.1%), Transport accidents (4.6%) and Malignant neoplasm of trachea, bronchus and lung (2.3%). The detailed methodological approach for the GBD study is published elsewhere [5, 42]. BMC Med. Yebyo H, Alemayehu M, Kahsay A. Kassebaum NJ, Steiner C, Murray CJL, et al. "We are seeing an extraordinary number of new cases a day and that’s a pretty frightening position to be in," said LaBaer. Yaya Y, Eide KT, Norheim OF, Lindtjorn B. Maternal and neonatal mortality in south-west Ethiopia: estimates and socio-economic inequality. The modified UNAIDS EPP/SPECTRUM suite model was used to estimate population attributable fraction of HIV-related deaths during pregnancy using the RR and estimated HIV prevalence [44]. The U.S. government’s support has positioned Ethiopia for malaria elimination in more than 230 districts nationally. It is worthwhile for policies to focus on postpartum period. Trends of maternal mortality by timing of mortality, 1990–2013, Ethiopia. However, there is insufficient population level data on the current estimates of infant mortality rate (IMR) in the country. Accessed 1 Apr 2016. Continuous nationwide systematic evaluation and assessment of the problem helps to design appropriate policy and strategy in Ethiopia. These findings call for better-integrated newborn and child survival interventions focusing on the main risk factors. The trends in maternal deaths due to other direct maternal causes such as complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy and complications of abortion seemed remarkable between 2005 and 2013 whereas deaths due to maternal haemorrhage, hypertensive disorder, and sepsis and other maternal infections showed smaller changes between 2005 and 2013. The age-adjusted all-cause death rate for whites (683.9 per 100,000) was higher than the age-adjusted rate for Contra Costa residents overall (651.2 per 100,000). 2013;17(2):230–9. FETP graduates lead a variety of initiatives such as training local health sector staff; updating guidelines; and making recommendations to improve hygiene standards, control mosquito-borne diseases, and increase vaccine coverage. Reliable data on causes of death form the basis for building evidence on health policy, planning, monitoring, and evaluation. Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading HIV-associated opportunistic infection in low- and middle- income countries, and it is a leading cause of death globally among people living with HIV. In Italy, the fourth leading cause of death among men between the ages of 25 and 44 years and among Swiss women and men aged 25 to 44 years [19–21]. 3. Lancet. A Price too high to bear: the costs of maternal mortality to families and communities. Maternal mortality is noticeably high in sub-Saharan African countries including Ethiopia. Most of the maternal mortality happened during the postpartum period and majority of the deaths occurred at the age group of 20–29 years. Correspondence to As a result, this may have led to an overestimation in some of the causes of deaths, with obstructed deaths and complications of abortions were more likely to be reported for health facilities. Causes of death were measured using Cause of Death Ensemble modelling (CODEm). FETP fellows have responded to recent outbreaks of cholera, yellow fever, pertussis, guinea worm, and measles. STATISTICS ON CAUSES OF DEATH, MALAYSIA, 2018 i. Google Scholar. Background: Worldwide diarrheal disease is the second leading cause of death in under-five year's children. Trends of the causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia, 1990–2013. Additionally, obesity rates are rising, especially in children, where the rate has grown more than 50% since 2001. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease claimed 3.0 million lives in 2016, while lung cancer (along with trachea and bronchus cancers) caused 1.7 million deaths. As reported by other previous studies [5, 54], a higher number of deaths occurred during postpartum period over the study period. CDC’s global health security efforts in Ethiopia help the country improve its ability to prevent, detect, and respond to infectious disease outbreaks before they become epidemics that could affect global populations. Ethiop Med J. Another study from Northwest Ethiopia also reported the lack of basic signal functions necessary for routine and emergency maternity care services [57]. The occurrence of a higher number of deaths in this period could be due to two main reasons. Thirdly, while it was possible to see the mortality differences across different age groups, the present estimate could not show the MMR in terms of other women’s sociodemographic status such as urban-rural residence, wealth and educational status. Tsegaye A, Somigliana E, Alemayehu T, Calia F, Maroli M, Barban P, Manenti F, Putoto G, Accorsi S. Ambulance referral for emergency obstetric care in remote settings. Analysis of the prevention of mother-to-child transmission (PMTCT) service utilization in Ethiopia: 2006-2010. Privacy These action packages help Ethiopia build core public health capacities in disease surveillance, laboratory systems, workforce development, and emergency management, as well as other critical areas. The leading risk factor in Ethiopia is childhood underweight. CSA [Ethiopia] and ICF International. In this regard, the EDHS 2016 report pointed to high rates of maternal mortality in these specific age categories [10]. Years lived with disability (YLDs) are estimated by weighting the prevalence of different conditions based on severity. Malaria is still the leading cause of health problem in the country. A recent study conducted in Wolisso district of Ethiopia reported that no deaths occurred amongst mothers who used the ambulance services to reach facilities providing emergency obstetric services [58]. CDC provides expertise and support across the 11 technical areas known as GHSA action packages. The 2013 MMR estimate for this study (497 per 100,000LB) showed that while there was a decrease in MMR in the previous two decades, the decline was not significant. Moreover, Maternal Death Surveillance and Response (MDSR) and Respectful Maternity Care (RMC) was launched to mitigate the challenges owing from delay in receiving quality maternal health services [32, 33]. BMC Pregnancy Childbirth. Addis Ababa and Calverton: CSA [Ethiopia] and ORC Macro; 2006. 2010;375(9730):2024–31. View selected causes of death and population dynamics for Myanmar including Life Expectancy by age and history, age adjusted death rates and world rankings for the top 50 causes and total deaths by cause. 2). Causes of deaths at Ethiopian hospitals – study November 2, 2013 – EthiopianReview.com — Comments ↓ Ethiopia is encountering a growing burden of non-communicable diseases along with infectious diseases, perinatal and nutritional problems that have long been considered major problems of public health importance. Ethiopia J Glob Health. 2014;9(1):e83590. Firstly, GBD 2013 involved many site-years of data while the WHO estimate included subnational data from urban and rural areas. The top five causes of maternal mortality in 2013 were other direct maternal causes such as complications of anaesthesia, embolism (air, amniotic fluid, and blood clot), and the condition of peripartum cardiomyopathy (25.7%), complications of abortions (19.6%), maternal haemorrhage (12.2%), hypertensive disorders (10.3%), and maternal sepsis and other maternal infections such as influenza, malaria, tuberculosis, and hepatitis (9.6%). The higher rate of young adolescents of 10–14 years are dying over the study period could be associated with high prevalence of early marriage and unmet need for family planning services. It is also known to cause several acute and long-term complications leading to disabilities. Most of the maternal mortality occurred during the postpartum period and majority of the deaths occurred at the age groups of 20–25 and 25–29 years in 2013. The modified UNAIDS EPP/SPECTRUM suite model was used to estimate HIV related maternal deaths. PubMed  Understanding maternal mortality from top-down and bottom-up perspectives: Case of Tigray Region. The totalitarian government of Ethiopia, led by the TPLF/EPRDF from its inception in 1991, has systematically eliminated citizens it suspects of being opponents. While there has been a reduction in the MMR in Ethiopia over the last 23 years, the annual rate of reduction is far lower than targets set. Nigatu T, Woldegebriel Y. In dealing with the first delay, the government established Health Development Army (HDA) in 2010 with the aim of expanding the achievements of the Health Extension Programme (HEP) deeper into communities, improving community ownership and scaling up best practices [30]. This finding is in accordance with other research results from developing countries and sub-Saharan Africa where haemorrhage is the leading direct cause of maternal death … Accessed 10 April 2016. FETPs train a workforce of field epidemiologists, —or disease detectives—to identify and contain outbreaks before they become epidemics. 2015;15:74. Over the different time periods since 1990, the highest rate of maternal mortality as measured through MMR occurred in the age group 20 and 39 years. The findings of the study highlight the need for comprehensive efforts using multisectoral collaborations from stakeholders for reducing maternal mortality in Ethiopia. http://www.mamaye.org/evidence/trends-maternal-mortality-1990-%E2%80%93-2013-estimates-who-unicef-unfpa-world-bank-and-united Accessed 10 July 2016. 4). Addis Ababa; Federal HAPCO; 2001. This study aimed to investigate the trends and causes of maternal mortality in Ethiopia between 1990 and 2013. Lancet. These efforts help Ethiopia reach the targets outlined in the Global Health Security Agenda (GHSA), a global partnership launched in 2014 to help make the world safer and more secure from infectious disease threats. By using this website, you agree to our The aim of this study was to measure infant mortality rate, investigate risk factors for infant deaths and identify causes of death in a rural population of northern Ethiopia. HIV related mortality during pregnancy involved estimation of the fraction of deaths during pregnancy or within six weeks of delivery that are related to HIV, and estimation of the fraction of these HIV-related deaths that are aggravated by pregnancy. World Bank 2018, Ethiopia : a comparison of household deaths and sibling history approaches. For children with HIV, diarrhea is even more deadly; the death rate for these children is 11 times higher than the rate for children without HIV 2. Accessed 7 Mar 2016. Global Buden of Disease Study 2013: Global Burden of Disease Study 2013 (GBD 2013) Results by Location, Cause, and Risk Factor. The majority of specific causes of death identified be- tween 2007 and 2013 were tuberculosis (155 [20.8%]), HIV/AIDS (55 [7.4%]), and meningitis (51[6.9%]). Unlike in 1990, the MMR was reduced among 30–35 years 35–39 age groups in 2013. 2014;385(9963):117–71. For instance, research suggests that health providers in Ethiopia may have limited competency in terms of managing postpartum haemorrhage and utilization of partograph for monitoring labour progress [55, 56]. Article  Google Scholar. The annual rate of change over these years was -1.6 (95% UI: -2.8 to -0.3). The difference between the GBD 2013 estimate and the WHO estimate was due to several reasons [47]. Ronsmans C, Chowdhury ME, Dasgupta SK, Ahmed A, Koblinsky M. Effect of parent's death on child survival in rural Bangladesh: a cohort study. The present study has strengths due to use of robust methodology and multiple sources of data that enabled us to see the overtime trends of maternal mortality in Ethiopia. To investigate the trends and causes of vision impairment and blindness in from... Report pointed to high rates of maternal mortality: an overview of and... 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Of maternal mortality also have impacts on children and pregnant women are the number of has! South-West Ethiopia: 2006-2010, yellow fever, pertussis, guinea worm, and injuries percentage of maternal by. On infant and child survival in rural Haiti ( 2008-2012 EFY ) http: //www.mamaye.org/evidence/trends-maternal-mortality-1990- E2! Accessibility ) on other federal or private website or private website Murray CJ every.! Last 23 years safe abortion leading cause of death in ethiopia improvement of the health disparities between poorer richer.

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