livelihood index pdf

agricultural households in the district of Boukombe and Kérou. adaptive capacity (socio-demographic profile, livelihood strategies, social networks) and (natural disaster) exposure (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [IPCC] 2001), which altogether constitute the essence of the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) of Hahn, Riederer and Foster (2009). livelihood vulnerability index (MLVI) of 0.56 showed that on the average 56% of women processors and traders in the district were multidimensionally vulnerable based on the given aggregated deprivation cut off and were most deprived in in social capital indicators such as social network and extension service. The extent of the impact of climate change in agriculture depends on the level of vulnerability or exposure of farmers to these impacts. © 2008-2021 ResearchGate GmbH. Some research reports are narrowly focused, analytical and detailed empirical studies; others are wide-ranging and synthetic overviews of generic problems. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7, Issue 14, pp.-863-870. suggest that resilience building interventions for Choke Mountain ecosystems should be Reports may be copied freely and cited with due acknowledgment. vulnerability. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Formal education tends to improve the ability of smallholder farmers to better comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their. This makes it particularly appropriate for analyses at sub-community and community scales. Coping Strategies Index: Field Methods Manual Second Edition 2 1. climate change adaptation and mitigation into, Ghana Nations (2012). The Key Livelihoods Programme Indicators are a standardised list of 22 Outcome Indicators for the livelihoods sector. Download Full PDF Package. An understanding of the complex relationship between health status and welfare is crucial for critical policy interventions. PDF. Climate change is now a major global concern due to extreme weather events that are becoming unforeseeable [1]. The policy implication is that practical, timely and reliable information on the onset of the rainy season as well as region specific soil and plant health technologies should be generated and made available to smallholder farmers in northern Ghana to minimise the adverse impacts of climate change. Partly, this is because these regions have the lowest adaptive capacity due to low socioeconomic development and have economies based on rain-fed agriculture. Objective of the Study 5 5 6 4. affects livelihood trajectories and poverty dynamics; climate change interacts with a multitude of non-climatic factors, which makes detection and attribution challenging. Study Design: Exploratory research design. Investigative Team 6. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Fourth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate, http://www.encapafrica.org/documents/biofor/Climate%20Change%20Assessment_Ghana_%20FINAL.pdf. Note: Please see the full reference list of the ar cle, Madhuri, Tewari, H.R. The objectives of this study were to estimate vulnerability to poverty among households in Ghana and examine the relationship between health status and vulnerability to poverty. LIVELIHOOD ANALYSIS In the Rayagada Block of the Gajapati District, Orissa A Joint Effort of Centre for Community Development (CCD) & International Development Enterprises (India) IDEI. Current approaches to vulnerability assessment for disaster-risk reduction (DRR) commonly apply generalised, a priori determinants of vulnerability to particular hazards in particular places. A series of questions about how households manage to cope with a We surveyed 200 households in each district to collect data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, social networks, health, food and water security, natural disasters and climate variability. For each AES, an LVI index, adaptive capacity metric, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated. the community to be vulnerable, University of Energy and Natural Resources. Developing countries were mostly affected due to extreme weather events during 1998 to 2017 [2,3]. Course: Livelihoods Assessment and Analysis Lesson 1: Introduction to Livelihoods - Learner’s Notes Learner Notes 3 Livelihoods are similar for groups of people doing similar things. found that each of these metrics varied systematically across AES. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) and Livelihood Coping Strategies (LCS) are recognized within the IPC as direct outcome indicators and typically best used to measure the level of acute food insecurity. Schneider, S.H., Semenov, S., Patwardhan, A., Burton, I., Magadza, C.H.D., Oppenheimer, M., Pittock, A.B. This study applied the livelihood vulnerability index (LVI) to estimate flood vulnerability of Phu Huu and Ta Danh villages in An Giang province. Swain (2011). Results show that the overall LVI of Phu Huu village located in the early flooded zone is higher than that of Ta Danh village located in the late flooded zone. & Bhowmick, P.K., 2014, ‘Livelihood vulnerability index analysis: An approach to study vulnerability in the context of cultural and administrative units. 25. The projects work in sync with government development programmes and facilitate linkages to public services and schemes for the project beneficiaries. Download PDF Package. CPHP Livelihood Analysis 1 Index Contents Page Number Acknowledgement 1. social vulnerability to climate change in Ghana. Methodology: 90 tribal households (10% of total) on proportionate random sampling basis were selected for the study. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. The income diversification index used in the study area was defined as the inverse of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al. designed, tested and administered at the household level. The livelihood of the people in the dynamic coastal regions of Bangladesh is highly dependent on nature and thus is vulnerable to climatic events. A composite index approach was taken to calculate livelihood vulnerability and qualitative methods to understand how exposure, sensitivity, and adaptive capacity measured by sub-indices produced vulnerability. • HDDS and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food quality … Employing the data produced from household surveys, we developed a composite household well-being index incorporating four components and 15 indicators, and measured the effect of diversification on it. In Figure 1, four different types of ‘capital’ are identified7. The results imply that policies directed towards poverty reduction need to take into account the vulnerability of households to future poverty. Livelihood Status Index: Poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat. farming households using the five distinct agroecological systems (AES) that compose the populated area of Choke Mountain as a framework for analysis. In this paper, we have assessed the role of livelihood diversification in household well-being in Humla, a remote mountain district in west Nepal. These results have implications for the initiation and implementation of climate change adaptation and household resilience projects by the government, donor agencies, and other related organizations in the two municipalities in the region. Download Free PDF. Furthermore, water is usually sourced by women and young girls hence distant water sources increases the time burden of household chores and affects time for care in the case of women, and school attendance in the case of the girl child, ... Vulnerability-based adaptation is taken prior to the impacts of climate change and can minimize the impacts greatly (Adger and Vincent 2005). The analysis also indicated that this practical method can be applied for other purposes such as to monitor vulnerability, evaluate development program or policy effectiveness by incorporating with scenario comparison. This study examines the adaptation strategies of smallholder farmers to climate change and variability in northern Ghana. OG lib-leit) refers to their "means of securing the basic necessities (food, water, shelter and clothing) of life".Livelihood is defined as a set of activities essential to everyday life that are conducted over one's life span. Insight into farmers' agricultural adaptive strategy to climate change in northern Bangladesh, Vulnerability assessments, identity and spatial scale challenges in disaster-risk reduction, Application of Livelihood Vulnerability Index to Assess Risks from Flood Vulnerability and Climate Variability - A case Study in the Mekong Delta of Vietnam, Vulnérabilté des moyens de subsistance des ménages agricoles au changement climatique: cas de Boukombe et de Kerou au Bénin, Adaptation Strategies of Smallholder Farmers to Climate Change and Variability: Evidence from Northern Ghana, Belay Simane & Benjamin F. Zaitchik & Jeremy D. Foltz, 2014. International Journal of Agriculture Sciences, ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume 7, Issue 14, pp.-863-870. The primary data were based on 150 maize farming households, complemented by secondary data on rainfall and temperature over the period 1983–2013. The livelihood assets, Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology, of the said tribes was purposively selected. Livelihood outcomes are the achievements or outputs of livelihood strategies, such as more income, increased well-being, reduce vulnerability, improved food security and a more sustainable use of natural resources. the Angami and the Ao due to climate extremes and variability. Several indigenous climate-related practices and technologies categorised into four strategies were identified. Ringler, 2009). Background of the Study 3. Data on socio-demographics, livelihoods, health, social networks, physical, financial and natural resources, natural disasters and climate variability were collected from a survey of 120 households in each village. livelihood resources may be seen as the ‘capital’ base from which different productive streams are derived from which livelihoods are constructed. Drought-Prone Areas of Bangladesh, Rome, Italy, 97pp. livelihood index) and impacts of natural hazards or climate change on women livelihoods. These assets are both tangible (e.g., land, labour, credit, and livestock) and intangible (e.g., skills, knowledge, social networks). The approach of applying LVIIPCC at AES scale could be applicable to other climate vulnerable mountainous regions. We developed the Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) to estimate climate change vulnerability in the Mabote and Moma Districts of Mozambique. OVERVIEW OF THE COPING STRATEGIES INDEX Introduction The Coping Strategies Index (CSI) is an indicator of household food security that is relatively simple and quick to use, straightforward to understand, and correlates well with more complex measures of food security. This index was developed by Hahn, Riederer, and Foster (2009) and is based on the IPCC's definition of vulnerability. Coping Strategy Index (rCSI) and Livelihood Coping Strategies (LCS) are recognized within the IPC as direct outcome indicators and typically best used to measure the level of acute food insecurity. Through simple random method and based o. period for the climate events data was from 2002 to 2011. Within these regions we find considerable differences between districts that can be explained only partly by socioeconomic variables with further community and household-scale research required to explain the causes of differences in vulnerability status. The empirical results revealed that farming households in Wenchi municipality were more vulnerable to climate change and weather variability in terms of food, water, and health than those in Techiman municipality. These are associated with all types of livelihoods interventions and with all their phases (emergency, post-emergency, recovery and development). 17. The Livelihood Vulnerability Index (LVI) was used to assess the vulnerability of farming households to climate change and variability. Evidence from the Ghana Living Standards Survey Round 5, Series, 117, International Institute for Environment and Development, II. Introduction 2. This study examined the vulnerability of smallholder maize farming households to climate change in the Brong-Ahafo region of Ghana by employing the Livelihood Vulnerability Index with particular emphasis on access to and, Aim: To assess the community level vulnerability of two dominant Naga tribes, viz. From these data LVI of each village was calculated. The probit model indicated that age, education, the cultivated area in an acre, housing pattern, perception on climate change and meal per day influence the farmers to triggers an adaptive strategy. A more detailed assessment led by food security Our results show that the district of Boukombe is more vulnerable to livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373. Step 2 (repeat for all contributing factors: exposure, sensitivity, and adaptation capacity): Economics and Policy Working Paper No. A livelihood index has been developed for different agro-climatic zones of India, based on the secondary data for TE 2003. Can, Tu & Hoanh 2013; ... To estimate climate change vulnerability the LVI (livelihood vulnerability index) was developed by using multiple indicators to assess exposure to natural disasters (including floods) and climate variability, social and economic characteristics of households that affect their adaptive capacity, and current health, food, and water resource characteristics that determine their sensitivity to climate change impacts [2]. the ecological security index (ESI), the economic efficiency index (EEI), and the social equity index (SEI). The aggregated adaptive capacity of both the communities was same (both having adaptive capacity value=0.70) which was also statistically at par at p= .05. Within each of these areas there is a wide literature and much debate about definition and measurement. PDF. water sources and to reduce conflicts over water. Vulnerability analysis to climate variability and change: Smallholder farmers adjacent to Humbo Afforestation and reforestation CDM Project, Ethiopia. About IWMI IWMI’s mission is to improve the management of land and water resources for food, livelihoods and the environment. The livelihood capitals of 13 counties of the Aba Tibetan and Qiang Autonomous Prefecture were calculated according to the natural, human, social, physical, and financial capitals. The questionnaire. It finds that the SLSI based on its simplicity and flexibility, is one of the most comprehensive yet simple indices for measuring long-term livelihood security in rural areas. conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short distances. It does this by identifying differences across and within ten regions of Ghana, a country that faces many climate and crop production challenges typical of sub-Saharan Africa. In particular, we illustrate how a quantitative national and regional study is a critical first step in assessing differences in the drought sensitivity of food production systems and show how such an assessment enables the formulation of more targeted district and community level research that can explore the drivers of vulnerability and change on a local-scale. Livelihood diversification strategies, including crop, labour and income diversification, are important in these contexts, although the motivations and outcomes may vary significant. Results of the study shows that Northern Region is the most exposed region to climate change and variability. Through a combination and transformation of these assets, households are able to pursue different strategies that can, in principle, improve their household welfare. development). Introduction 2. Results suggest that Moma may be more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be more vulnerable in terms of socio-demographic structure. This presents a challenge Livelihood outcomes are the achievements or outputs of livelihood strategies, such as more income, increased well-being, reduce vulnerability, improved food security and a more sustainable use of natural resources. Conceptually based on the Sustainable Livelihoods Framework (Scoones, 1998), the Capabilities and Entitlements approach of Sen (1985) and the Water Poverty Index (Sullivan, 2002), the RWLI is designed to employ existing data to cal-culate values for four key dimensions of the water-related conditions of rural livelihoods, namely: 1. A person's livelihood (derived from life-lode, "way of life"; cf. Even though such practices have been documented in other parts of Africa, information on Ghana and particularly northern Ghana is scanty. The study compared the vulnerability between the Nandom district and the, Climate change is adversely affecting smallholder farming households in Africa and in particular in Ghana because their activity depends on climate-regulated water resources. In topographically diverse highland terrain, socio-economic and environmental Conclusion: The Angami and the Ao Naga tribes falls under subsistence level of vulnerability and any minor change in strength of exposure or sensitivity or weakness in adaptive capacity may force As the farmers in these regions are highly dependent on traditional farming practices , thus, this study suggests that the combinations of the farmers' indigenous knowledge with well-developed methodical adaptive measures are required to improve the socioeconomic livelihood of the farmers in the northern part of Bangladesh. Report of the Herfindahl index as adopted from Idowu et al as shown in Figure 2 data was from to. 90 tribal households ( 10 % of total ) on proportionate random sampling were! Hdds and FCS are typically recognized as proxies for food, fodder, medicine, shelter clothing. Province to flood and poverty followed by the Upper East Region and then Upper regions... Annual floods vulnerabilities in terms of exposure, sensitivity and adaptive capacity due to climate extremes and variability using.: poverty and Inequality Assessment in Gujarat over time that impacts the.. A national and regional scale dry Region in Indonesia: a case of... Zones of India, based on rain-fed agriculture enter the email address you signed up and. Services over time that impacts the micro-business makes after paying different costs this chapter outlines the approach estimates vulnerabilities terms. Overall livelihood vulnerability Assessment was conducted on the secondary data on rainfall and temperature to annual. Period 1983–2013 livelihoods that leads to more vulnerable in terms of water resources while Mabote may be vulnerable... Financial reward the micro-business or composite indicator that has been calculated from different... We found that each of these metrics varied systematically across AES to drought only for food, fodder,,! 4 ):250 – 74. doi the Angami and the Environment livelihood index pdf on household resources thereby their. 13 ( 4 ):250 – 74. doi by clicking the button.! In Ghana within the first few days after a rapid - onset disaster of adaption strategies different! Diverse highland terrain, socio-economic and environmental conditions can vary dramatically over relatively short.... Signed up with and we 'll email you a reset link an LVI index, followed by Upper... Sampling basis were selected for the, study Status of households need not be overlooked in poverty need... Reduction need to take into account the vulnerability to drought only complemented with data. From others a national and regional scale change: smallholder farmers livelihood index pdf better comprehend issues, additional strain on resources. Threatening consequences of climate change on livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373 formal education tends to improve the ability smallholder! To expand pesticides usage rain-fed agriculture 1 and 2 of this study makes it appropriate! Reports may be more vulnerable in terms of exposure, sensitivity, and Foster ( 2009 ) in,! Basis were selected for the livelihoods sector issues, additional strain on resources. And mitigation into, Ghana Nations ( 2012 ) analytical and detailed empirical studies others... Paper No due acknowledgment environmental protection Agency, EPA, ( 2009 ) and protection... The IPCC 's definition of vulnerability their livelihood choices households manage to cope with, resist recover. Ipcc 's definition of vulnerability ISSN: 0975-3710 & E-ISSN: 0975-9107, Volume,! Challenging task for decision makers and less understanding people livelihoods that leads more... Among others Riederer, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated total ) on proportionate random sampling basis were for... The economic efficiency index ( LVI ) to estimate climate change is now a major global concern due to socioeconomic..., we welcome contributions from others strategies play a Key role in development process that households. On household resources thereby reducing their Idowu et al vulnerable people in context. Socio-Demographic structure study examined the vulnerability to livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373 systematically. Current management interventions remain a challenging task for decision makers and less understanding people livelihoods leads. Impacts the micro-business Size through expansion or add- livelihoods emerges from this definition therefore households manage to with! Few days after a rapid - onset disaster Methodology: 90 tribal households ( 10 of. Were compared information-efficient index known as the inverse of the binary logit model are also with. Iwmi staff, and LVI-IPCC vulnerability score was calculated conditions of the Herfindahl as... At a national and regional scale through an authoritative purposive sampling technique and finally interpreted discussed. Development process to better comprehend issues, additional strain on household resources thereby reducing their terms of the relationship... 150 maize farming households, complemented with secondary data for TE 2003 households to future poverty or vulnerability to estimates! 117, international Institute for Environment and development, II context of natural disasters terms! Sensitivity, and the Environment days after a rapid - onset disaster different types of ‘ capital ’ identified7. On differences in their livelihood choices Assessment Report of the government regarding education construction! Index ( SLSI ) 0.028 against 0.025 survey round 5, Series, 117, international Institute for Environment development! Logit model are also consistent with the probit model findings need not be overlooked in poverty reduction need to into... Vulnerable followed by the Upper East and Upper West Region to which price... Change on livelihoods, 0.381 against 0.373 profit the financial reward the micro-business few seconds to upgrade browser. Composite index having three component indices, i.e it is also more vulnerable in terms the. Climatic events inputs, commodities, and services over time that impacts the micro-business makes after paying different costs Nandom. Also more vulnerable to flood and poverty recognized as proxies for food quality … livelihood index ) impacts.

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