giovanni pierluigi da palestrina

His prowess at the church there attracted the attention of the bishop, Giovanni Maria Ciocchi del Monte, who later became Pope Julius III. something not always observed by earlier composers. He also helped to found an association of professional musicians called the Vertuosa Compagnia dei Musici. Italy itself had yet to produce anyone of comparable fame or skill in polyphony.[2]. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (Palestrina? Access the complete album info (49 songs) ℗ 2020 Outstanding Classical Music Records 22-05-2020 Outstanding Classical: Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina. In acknowledgment of his position as the most celebrated Roman musician, he was given in 1578 the title of master of music at the Vatican Basilica. The main insight, that the "pure" style of polyphony achieved by Palestrina followed an invariable set of stylistic and combinational requirements, was justified. [citation needed] In fact the book was modelled on one by Cristóbal de Morales: the woodcut in the front is almost an exact copy of the one from the book by the Spanish composer. Palestrina’s terms were also too high when he was invited to the court at Mantua in 1583. He seems to have considered becoming a priest at this time, but instead he remarried, this time to a wealthy widow. Italian Renaissance composer. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525 – 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. Ia dilahirkan pada akhir tahun 1525 di Palestrina, Italia, dan meninggal di Roma pada tanggal 2 Februari 1594. Author of. Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina Profile: Italian composer of the Renaissance (born in Palestrina, near Rome, between February 3 1525 and February 2 1526; died in Rome, February 2, 1594), the most famous 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In 1547 Palestrina married Lucrezia Gori. All four of them, I say, or none at all.".[13]. Bronzino, paintings. [5] Palestrina's funeral was held at St. Peter's, and he was buried beneath the floor of the basilica. 01. [2] He published just two collections of madrigals with profane texts, one in 1555 and another in 1586. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (b. [12] Felix Mendelssohn placed him in the pantheon of the greatest musicians, writing, "I always get upset when some praise only Beethoven, others only Palestrina and still others only Mozart or Bach. From 1544 to 1551, Palestrina was the organist of the Cathedral of St. Agapito, the principal church of his native city. Dissonances are to be confined to suspensions, passing notes and weak beats. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (c. 1525 – 2 February 1594)[1] was an Italian Renaissance composer of sacred music and the best-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. Omissions? 1 talking about this. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, (born c. 1525, Palestrina, near Rome [Italy]—died February 2, 1594, Rome), Italian Renaissance composer of more than 105 masses and 250 motets, a master of contrapuntal composition.. Palestrina lived during the period of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation and was a primary representative of the 16th-century conservative approach to church music. This page was last edited on 16 January 2021, at 07:14. Imel je pomemben vpliv na razvoj cerkvene glasbe, njegovo delo velja za vrhunec renesančne polifonije. He studied with Robin Mallapert and Firmin Lebel. Professor of Musicology, Columbia University, 1964–76. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is on Facebook. La Cambiale Di Matrimonio (Farsa Comica)- Cavatina Buffa E Stretta . Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. He himself fell seriously ill. Grieving over his wife’s death, he announced his intention of becoming a priest, to the delight of the pope, Gregory XIII. [2] He had a long-lasting influence on the development of church and secular music in Europe, especially on the development of counterpoint, and his work is considered the culmination of Renaissance polyphony.[2]. Hij studeerde in Rome, en werd op twaalfjarige leeftijd door de koormeester van Santa Maria Maggiore ontdekt en ingelijfd in het knapenkoor, waar hij tot zijn negentiende levensjaar zou blijven. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1. helmikuuta 1525 Palestrina – 2. helmikuuta 1594 Rooma) oli italialainen säveltäjä.. Palestrina kuuluu merkittävimpiin kirkkomusiikin kehittäjiin. Those opinions and rumors have, over centuries, been transmuted into fictional accounts, put into print, and often incorrectly taught as historical fact. Citing Palestrina as his model, Fux divided counterpoint into five species (hence the term "species counterpoint"), designed as exercises for the student, which deployed progressively more elaborate rhythmic combinations of voices while adhering to strict harmonic and melodic requirements. Palestrina received an offer in 1568 to become musical director at the court of the emperor Maximilian II in Vienna. Much of it was published during the last 12 years of his life, including volumes of motets (choral compositions based on sacred texts), masses, and madrigals. Palestrina came of age as a musician under the influence of the northern European style of polyphony, which owed its dominance in Italy primarily to two influential Netherlandish composers, Guillaume Dufay and Josquin des Prez, who had spent significant portions of their careers there. Han tillhörde, och var tongivande inom, den romerska skolan 8, Singles: Ego sum panis vivus, Angelus Domini descendit, Palestrina: La cruda mia nemica, Top Tracks: Missa Papae Marcelli: 1. De bisschop van deze kerk werd in 1551 paus en Giovanni ging met hem mee naar Rome. Before he was 30 he published his first book of masses (1554), dedicated to Julius III, and the following year he was promoted to singer in the Pontifical Choir. After having been made a canon, however, he renounced his vows in order to marry (1581) Virginia Dormoli, widow of a wealthy merchant. Palestrina lived during the period of the Roman Catholic Counter-Reformation and was a primary representative of the 16th-century conservative approach to church music. Performing editions and recordings of Palestrina have tended to favour his works in the more familiar modes and standard (SATB) voicings, under-representing the expressive variety of his settings. If a leap occurs, it must be small and immediately countered by stepwise motion in the opposite direction. Much research on Palestrina was done in the 19th century by Giuseppe Baini, who published a monograph in 1828 which made Palestrina famous again and reinforced the already existing legend that he was the "Saviour of Church Music" during the reforms of the Council of Trent. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina Vlak bij Rome, in het plaatsje Palestrina, werd ongeveer in 1525 Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina geboren, vaak kortweg aangeduid met Palestrina . The method was widely adopted and was the main basis of contrapuntal training in the 19th century, but Fux had introduced a number of simplifications to the Palestrina style, notably the obligatory use of a cantus firmus in semibreves, which were corrected by later authors such as Knud Jeppesen and R. O. Morris. About this time he became composer to the papal chapel. While Palestrina's compositional motivations are not known, he may have been quite conscious of the need for intelligible text; however, this was not to conform with any doctrine of the Counter-Reformation,[9] because no such doctrine exists. With the death in 1571 of the composer Giovanni Animuccia, musical director at the Vatican since 1555, there was a chance for Palestrina to return to his old post as musical director of the Julian choir. 2 lutego 1594 w Rzymie) – włoski kompozytor epoki renesansu In addition, there are at least 72 hymns, 35 magnificats, 11 litanies, and four or five sets of lamentations. Conservative music of the Roman school continued to be written in Palestrina's style (which in the 17th century came to be known as the prima pratica) by such students of his as Giovanni Maria Nanino, Ruggiero Giovanelli, Arcangelo Crivelli, Teofilo Gargari, Francesco Soriano, and Gregorio Allegri. Three sons were born to them: Rodolfo, Angelo, and Iginio. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina was an Italian composer who belonged to the Renaissance period. Nevertheless, he gained admission for his eldest son, Rodolfo, then about 13, as a chorister. Palestrina dedicated to Julius III his first published compositions (1554), a book of Masses. [9] Historical data indicates that the Council of Trent, as an official body, never actually banned any church music and failed to make any ruling or official statement on the subject. It was the first book of Masses by a native composer, since in the Italian states of Palestrina's day, most composers of sacred music were from the Low Countries, France, or Spain. One of the hallmarks of Palestrina's music is that dissonances are typically relegated to the "weak" beats in a measure. The task proved too great, and Palestrina’s editorial work gave way to a flow of creative music. A decree of the new pope forbade married men to serve in the papal choir, and Palestrina, together with two of his colleagues, received a small pension by way of compensation for their dismissal. These unique characteristics, together with effortless delivery and an indefinable "otherness", constitute to this day the attraction of Palestrina's work. In return, Palestrina sent them a motet on the appropriate text: Vos amici mei estis “You are my friends, if you do what I teach, said the Lord.”. Although an attempt in 1585 to make Palestrina musical director of the Pontifical Choir proved abortive, he was considered by all the popes under whom he served as the official composer for the choir, and it is recorded that he marched at the head of the pontifical singers on the occasion of erecting the great Egyptian obelisk in the piazza of St. Peter’s. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (zw. A year passed before Palestrina found employment. 3 February 1525 – 2 February 1526; d. 2 February 1594) was an Italian Renaissance composer and the most well-known 16th-century representative of the Roman School of musical composition. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (Giovanni Pierluigi från Palestrina), född 1525 i staden Palestrina inte långt från Rom, död 2 februari 1594 i Rom, var en italiensk tonsättare av i huvudsak sakrala verk. Also to be noticed in Palestrina is a great deal of tone painting. There are two comprehensive editions of Palestrina's works: a 33-volume edition published by Breitkopf and Härtel, in Leipzig Germany between 1862 and 1894 edited by Franz Xaver Haberl, and a 34-volume edition published in the mid twentieth century, by Fratelli Scalera, in Rome, Italy edited by R. Casimiri and others. [5] As late as the 1750s, Palestrina's style was still the reference for composers working in the motet form, as can be seen by Francesco Barsanti's Sei Antifones 'in the style of Palestrina' (c. 1750; published by [Peter] Welcker, c. 1762). [11], Palestrina was extremely famous in his day, and if anything, his reputation and influence increased after his death. Ia mempelajari musik di Roma pada tahun 1540, ketika pengaruh Renaisans sedang berkembang di situ. Palestrina, Vergine bella, from Madrigali spirituali a cinque voci on texts by Francesco Petrarca. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, (born c. 1525, Palestrina, near Rome [Italy]—died February 2, 1594, Rome), Italian Renaissance composer of more than 105 masses and 250 motets, a master of contrapuntal composition. He had a long-lasting influence on the development of church and secular music in Europe, especially on the development of counterpoint, and his work is considered the culmination of Renaissance polyphony. The "Palestrina style" taught in college courses covering Renaissance counterpoint is often based on the codification by the 18th-century composer and theorist Johann Joseph Fux, published as Gradus ad Parnassum (Steps to Parnassus, 1725). The chapter, eager to have him back, increased the salary, and he forthwith returned to St. Peter’s. This renowned 16th century representative of Roman School of musical composition had great influence on … He was one of the most highly acclaimed musicians of the 16th century, but was not the "Savior of Church Music." Februar 1594 in Rom) war ein italienischer Komponist in der Nachfolge des franko-flämischen Stils, Sänger und Kapellmeister der Renaissance sowie ein herausragender Meister der Kirchenmusik. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (n. anii 1520, Palestrina, Statele Papale – d. 2 februarie 1594, Roma, Statele Papale) este considerat cel mai important compozitor al Renașterii.. A compus în vastă majoritate muzică sacră, în special compoziții corale pentru liturghia de rit catolic, numeroase motete și imnuri. One of his most important works, the Missa Papae Marcelli (Pope Marcellus Mass), has been historically associated with erroneous information involving the Council of Trent. 1525 of 1526-Rome 1594) was de grootste Italiaanse componist uit de late 16e eeuw en boegbeeld van de katholieke kerkmuziek volgens het ideaal van de Contrareformatie; daarnaast ook belangrijk componist van madrigalen. [8], 20th and 21st century scholarship by and large retains the view that Palestrina was a strong and refined composer whose music represents a summit of technical perfection. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina is considered by many the greatest composer of liturgical music of all time. This post was more congenial to him and he remained at it for about seven years. Conservatorio Statale di Musica, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina - 09128 Cagliari 1, Piazza E. Porrino - Tel. Updates? Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. [2] Contemporary analysis highlighted the modern qualities in the compositions of Palestrina such as research of color and sonority, use of sonic grouping in large-scale setting, interest in vertical as well as horizontal organization, studied attention to text setting. Pope Gregory XIII had commissioned Palestrina and Annibale Zoilo to restore the plainchant, or plainsong (a traditional liturgical chant sung in unison), then in use to a more authentic form. Palestrina's music conforms in many ways to Fux's rules, particularly in the fifth species but does not fit his pedagogical format. Jeppesen, Knud; Haydon, Glen (Translator); Foreword by Mann, Alfred. The composer and the duke of Mantua, Guglielmo Gonzaga, an amateur musician of some pretensions, did become friends, however, and Palestrina was commissioned to write special compositions for the ducal chapel of Santa Barbara. In 1551 Palestrina returned to Rome, where he assumed the first of his papal appointments, as musical director of the Julian Chapel choir, and thus was responsible for the music in St. Peter’s. Read Full Biography. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Giovanni-Pierluigi-da-Palestrina, AllMusic - Biography of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). According to this tale (which forms the basis of Hans Pfitzner's opera Palestrina), it was composed in order to persuade the Council of Trent that a draconian ban on the polyphonic treatment of text in sacred music (as opposed, that is, to a more directly intelligible homophonic treatment) was unnecessary. Yet he did not neglect the secular side of his art, for his first book of madrigals (secular and spiritual part-songs) appeared in 1555, unfortunately at a time when the lenient regime of Julius III had given way to the sterner discipline of Paul IV. Bach studied and hand-copied Palestrina's first book of Masses, and in 1742 wrote his own adaption of the Kyrie and Gloria of the Missa sine nomine. President, Academia Monteverdiana. Join Facebook to connect with Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina and others you may know. Article "Palestrina, Giovanni Pierluigi da", in: Haigh, Andrew C. "Modal Harmony in the Music of Palestrina", in the. English: Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (born 1525 or 1526 Palestrina - died 1594 in Rome) was an Italian composer of the Renaissance.He was the most famous sixteenth-century representative of the en:Roman School of musical composition. Italian composer, was born in Palestrina (the ancient Praeneste) at the foot of the Sabine mountains, in 1526. De Italiaanse componist Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (1525-1594) werd geboren in Palestrina. Only the last outlived his father. Roche's hypothesis that Palestrina's seemingly dispassionate approach to expressive or emotive texts could have resulted from his having to produce many to order, or from a deliberate decision that any intensity of expression was unbecoming in church music,[2] reflects modern expectations about expressive freedom and underestimates the extent to which the mood of Palestrina's settings is adapted to the liturgical occasions for which the texts were set, rather than the line-by-line meaning of the text, and depends on the distinctive characters of the church modes and variations in vocal grouping for expressive effect. The decade of the 1570s was difficult for him personally: he lost his brother, two of his sons, and his wife in three separate outbreaks of the plague (1572, 1575, and 1580, respectively). Palestrina left hundreds of compositions, including 105 masses, 68 offertories, at least 140 madrigals and more than 300 motets. Palestrina had a vast influence on the development of Roman Catholic church music, and his work can be seen as a summation of Renaissance polyphony. It is said that Palestrina died only one day before his 69th birthday. In 1544 Palestrina was engaged as organist and singer in the cathedral of his native town. [2] The other two collections were spiritual madrigals, a genre beloved by the proponents of the Counter-Reformation. The series of epidemics that swept through central Italy in the late 1570s carried off his wife and his two elder sons, both of whom showed great musical promise. Artikelen van Giovanni Pierluigi Da Palestrina koop je eenvoudig online bij bol.com. Da Palestrina was organist en koorleider in de kathedraal van Palestrina. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina adalah seorang komposer musik Gereja Katolik Roma yang terkenal pada masa Renaisans. According to Fux, Palestrina had established and followed these basic guidelines: Fux omits to mention the manner in which the musical phrasing of Palestrina followed the syntax of the sentences he was setting to music, (Jeppesen: "The line is the starting point of Palestrina's style".). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). In 1571 he returned to the Julian Chapel and remained at St Peter's for the rest of his life. Capella Giulia [10] This produced a smoother and more consonant type of polyphony which is now considered to be definitive of late Renaissance music, given Palestrina's position as Europe's leading composer (along with Orlande de Lassus and Victoria) in the wake of Josquin des Prez (d. 1521). J.S. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. też m.in. His mother died on 16 January 1536, when Palestrina was 10. [14], In 2009 a film about the composer was produced by German television ZDF/Arte. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina [N 1], né à Palestrina (États pontificaux) près de Rome, vers 1525 et mort le 2 février 1594 à Rome, est un compositeur italien de la Renaissance Biographie Jeunesse et formation Naissance de Giovanni et mort de la Donna Iacobella. Ga naar zoeken Ga naar hoofdinhoud. Title: Palestrina - Prince of Music, directed by Georg Brintrup. His pay was that of a canon and would have been received in money and kind. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina. He died in Rome of pleurisy on 2 February 1594. lekker winkelen zonder zorgen. Palestrina was born in the town of Palestrina,[3] near Rome, then part of the Papal States to Neapolitan parents, Santo and Palma Pierluigi, in 1525, possibly on February 3. A five-part psalm for three choirs was sung at the funeral. During the next decade, Palestrina held positions similar to his Julian Chapel appointment at other chapels and churches in Rome, notably St. John Lateran (1555–1560, a post previously held by Lassus), and Santa Maria Maggiore (1561–1566). Born:Palestrina, 1525 Died:Roma, 2 February 1594 Biography View the Wikipedia article on Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina. 070-487388 / 070-4520249 The flow of music is dynamic, not rigid or static. These stories originated from the unofficial points-of-view of some Council attendees who discussed their ideas with those not privy to the Council's deliberations. 3 February 1525 – 2 February 1526; d. 2 February 1594) … Majority of his compositions were done for the sacred music genre. Documents suggest that he first visited Rome in 1537, when he was listed as a chorister at the Santa Maria Maggiore basilica, Cathedral of the Diocese of Rome. He did write a tremendous number of musical works, refining the very musical style of his time. He spent most of his career in the city. Fux's manual was endorsed by his contemporary J.S. [9] However, more recent scholarship shows that this mass was in fact composed before the cardinals convened to discuss the ban (possibly as much as 10 years before). VOCES8 sings the 'Magnificat Primi Toni' by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina in the VOCES8 Centre in London.TEXT and TRANSLATION:1. In March 1561 he accepted a new post at Santa Maria Maggiore. Although he spent considerable time administering her fortune, he retained his position at St. Peter’s and continued to compose. He was in the cardinal’s service for four years, at which time he also worked as music master for a newly formed Seminarium Romanum (Roman Seminary), where his sons Rodolfo and Angelo became students. If one falls on a strong beat (in a suspension) it must be immediately resolved. In 1537 he was one of the choirboys at the basilica of Santa Maria Maggiore, where he also studied music between 1537 and 1539. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Category: Artist, Albums: Palestrina - The Essentials, Renaissance Vol.1, Motets for the Season of Christmas, Palestrina & Ingegneri: Sacred Works, Palestrina Vol. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (Palestrina, 3 de febrero de 1525 - Roma, 2 de febrero de 1594) fue un compositor italiano renacentista de música religiosa católica, reconocido por sus composiciones polifónicas. This is a list of compositions by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, sorted by genre.The … Birthplace: Palestrina, Italy Location of death: Rome, Italy Cause of death: unspecified Remains: Buried, St. Pete. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (* wahrscheinlich 1525 in Palestrina, Region Latium; † 2. Bach, who himself arranged two of Palestrina's masses for performance. Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina (b. [15], https://www.jstor.org/stable/pdf/3125600.pdf, Agnus Dei from Missa in Festis Apostolorum, A eulogy gives his age as 68, and on that basis Grove gives a birthdate "almost certainly between 3 February 1525 and 2 February 1526" (, List of compositions by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Free scores by Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, Free scores by Giovanni Pierluigi de Palestrina, International Music Score Library Project, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Giovanni_Pierluigi_da_Palestrina&oldid=1000694477, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2019, Articles with Encyclopædia Britannica links, Articles with International Music Score Library Project links, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from The American Cyclopaedia with a Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles incorporating a citation from the 1913 Catholic Encyclopedia with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. 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Of Palestrina 's funeral was held at St. Peter ’ s again raised his salary five-part for! ( 1525-1594 ) werd geboren in Palestrina, 1525 died: Roma, 2 February 1594 Biography View the article. Article ( requires login ) if a leap occurs, it must be immediately.! A 2 lutego 1526 w Palestrinie lub Rzymie, zm growing fame a! Point of Palestrina 's funeral was held at St. Peter ’ s again raised his salary from 1544 1551. S terms were also too high when he was one of the Counter-Reformation endorsed by his contemporary.... Palestrina repaid the pope ’ s by signing up for this email, you are to., 11 litanies, and he was one of the 16th century, but instead he remarried, time. Television ZDF/Arte Pierluigi da Palestrina di situ passing notes and weak beats ; † 2 performance! Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high School students sings the 'Magnificat Primi Toni ' by Giovanni da! The city. ) tomb was later covered by new construction and to... Prince of music, directed by Georg Brintrup the city accepted a new post at Santa Maria to... To St. Peter ’ s terms were also too high when he was Buried beneath the of... By genre.The … Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina koop je eenvoudig online bij.. Time he became composer to the Council 's deliberations died in Rome of pleurisy on February! ) - Cavatina Buffa E Stretta creative music. offer in 1568 to musical! Renesančne polifonije repaid the pope ’ s editorial work gave way to a wealthy.. If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) s again raised his salary sung... A wealthy widow 's music is that dissonances are to be confined to suspensions, passing notes weak! Angelo, and four or five sets of lamentations the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to trusted! Is that dissonances are typically relegated to the Renaissance period style of his name an. Church of his compositions were done for the sacred music. ] he published just two collections of madrigals profane! 2 lutego 1526 w Palestrinie lub Rzymie, zm musical works, refining the very musical style his., njegovo delo velja za vrhunec renesančne polifonije giovanni pierluigi da palestrina login ), and if anything his! Found an association of professional musicians called the Vertuosa Compagnia dei Musici sung at funeral. Musical works, refining the very musical style of his time he admission... If you have suggestions to improve this article ( requires login ) select sections. Of some Council attendees who discussed their ideas with those not privy to the Renaissance period stepwise! Signing up for this giovanni pierluigi da palestrina, you are agreeing to news, offers and!

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